Cordillera Oriental (Colombia)

Cordillera Oriental (Eastern Ranges)
Highest point
Peak Ritacuba Blanco [1]
Elevation 5,410 m (17,750 ft)
Length 1,200 km (750 mi) northeast–southwest
Area 144,252 km2 (55,696 sq mi)
Country Colombia

The Cordillera Oriental (English: Eastern Ranges) is the widest of the three branches of the Colombian Andes. The range extends from south to north dividing from the Colombian Massif in Huila Department to Norte de Santander Department where it splits into the Serranía del Perijá and the Cordillera de Mérida in Venezuela. The highest peak is Ritacuba Blanco at 5,410 m (17,750 ft) in the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy.


The western part of the Cordillera Oriental belongs to the Magdalena River basin, while the eastern part includes the river basins of the Amazon River, Orinoco River, and Catatumbo River. Within it, the Altiplano Cundiboyacense and the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy (with the only snowy peaks in this mountain range) stand out.

Protected areas

See also

Geography of Colombia
Altiplano Cundiboyacense, Bogotá savanna, Tenza Valley
Cordillera Central, Occidental, Andean Region


  1. "Cordillera Oriental (Colombia)". Retrieved 20 February 2013.

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