Elections in Louisiana
|Elections in Louisiana|
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Since 1977 state elections in Louisiana have used a jungle primary system, which in Louisiana has become known as "open" primary, where all the candidates for an office run together in one election. If someone gets a majority, that individual wins outright; otherwise, the top two candidates, irrespective of partisan affiliation, meet in a runoff election. The jungle primary is used for state, parish, municipal, and Congressional races, but is not used for presidential elections.
Louisiana is one of only five states that elects its state officials in odd-numbered years. (The others are Kentucky, Mississippi, New Jersey, and Virginia). Louisiana holds elections for these offices every four years in the year preceding a Presidential election. Thus, the two most recent gubernatorial elections in Louisiana took place in 2011 and 2015. Louisiana is one of 18 states that run separate elections for Governor and Lieutenant Governor, a process that has resulted in Governor-Lieutenant Governor pairs from different parties and/or widely differing political ideologies. For example, current Governor John Bel Edwards is a Democrat, while Lieutenant Governor Billy Nungesser is a Republican.
Louisiana's jungle primary system was instituted in 1975 by Democratic Governor Edwin Edwards. Until 1997, the open primary election was held in October, meaning that no election would be held in November if the leading candidate won over 50 percent of the vote in October. Between 2008 and 2010, federal races did not use the jungle primary system. Between the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and Shelby County v. Holder (a 2013 Supreme Court case), changes to Louisiana election law required preclearance with the United States Department of Justice.
Elections in Louisiana fall under the purview of the Secretary of State. Louisiana's current Secretary of State is Tom Schedler.
- Barrow, Bill (8 February 2011). "Department of Justice gives approval to Louisiana's open primaries". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- Mooney, Chris (13 November 2002). "Why Does Louisiana Have Such an Odd Election System?". Slate. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- Louisiana election code.
- Liptak, Adam (25 June 2013). "Supreme Court Invalidates Key Part of Voting Rights Act". New York Time. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- Geaux Vote at the Louisiana Secretary of State official website
- Louisiana at Ballotpedia
- Louisiana Elections & Politics from The Times-Picayune newspaper