|Address||1 Georgia Dome Drive Northwest|
|Coordinates||33°45′27″N 84°24′3″W / 33.75750°N 84.40083°WCoordinates: 33°45′27″N 84°24′3″W / 33.75750°N 84.40083°W|
Dome / GWCC / Philips Arena / CNN Center (MARTA station)|
Vine City (MARTA station)
|Owner||State of Georgia|
|Operator||Georgia World Congress Center Authority|
Georgia State football: 28,155
Total Capacity: 80,000
FieldTurf Classic HD (2003–present)
|Broke ground||November 22, 1989|
|Opened||September 6, 1992|
($361 million in 2016 dollars)
|Architect||Heery International; Rosser FABRAP International; and tvsdesign|
|Structural engineer||Weidlinger Associates|
|General contractor||Beers/Georgia Dome Team|
Atlanta Falcons (NFL) (1992–present)|
Peach Bowl (NCAA) (1993–present)
Atlanta Hawks (NBA) (1997–1999)
Georgia State Panthers (NCAA) (2010–2016)
The Georgia Dome is a domed stadium located in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, between downtown to the east and Vine City to the west. It is owned and operated by the State of Georgia as part of the Georgia World Congress Center Authority. It is primarily the home stadium for the Atlanta Falcons of the National Football League (NFL) and the Georgia State Panthers football team from Georgia State University. Also, it has hosted the Peach Bowl since 1992 and the SEC Championship Game since 1994. In addition, the Georgia Dome has also hosted several soccer matches since 2009 that have drawn over 50,000 fans.
The Georgia Dome was the largest covered stadium in the world by capacity when it opened in 1992, but it has since been surpassed by AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas and by Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, Wales.
In 1992, the Georgia Dome was completed at a cost of $214 million (US), which came from the Georgia General Assembly, making it one of the largest state-funded construction projects in state history. It seats 74,228 for football, and can hold approximately: 80,000 for concerts, 71,000 for basketball when the dome is fully open and 40,000 for basketball and gymnastics when the dome is sectioned off (one half closed off by a large curtain). For most Georgia State football games, the dome is configured with 28,155 seats, with tickets for only the bulk of the lower level and the club-level seats on sale. The record for overall attendance at the Georgia Dome is 80,892 for the 2008 SEC Championship Game in football.
The structure is located on 9.19 acres (3.72 ha) of land; the dome has a height of 270.67 feet (82.50 m), a structure length of 745.75 feet (227.30 m), a structure width of 606.96 feet (185.00 m), and a total floor area of 102,149.51 square feet (9,490.000 m2). The dome is the largest cable-supported dome in the world. Its roof is made of teflon-coated fiberglass fabric and has an area of 374,584.08 square feet (34,800.000 m2). From its completion until the December 31, 1999 opening of the 20-acre (8.1 ha) Millennium Dome in London, it was the largest hooked domed structure of any type in the world.
In 2006, the Atlanta Falcons and the Georgia World Congress Center Authority announced a $300 million renovation to the Georgia Dome. The project was separated into two stages. The first stage, which took place before the 2007 NFL season, focused on updating the premium seating areas, including the creation of eight 'super-suites' as well as an owners' club. In 2008, the exterior of the stadium was repainted, replacing the original teal and maroon color scheme with a red, black and silver theme to match the Falcons' team colors; the stadium's original teal seats were replaced with red seats in the 100 and 300 levels and black seats in the Verizon Wireless Club Level (200 Level). The entrance gates and concourses were also renovated and updated before the 2008 football season. In 2009, the video screens in both endzones were relocated to a new exterior monument sign on Northside Drive. The interior endzones each received a new and considerably wider High Definition video screen that significantly enhances views of replays, as well as graphics and digital presentations. A new sound system was installed in the same year, replacing the previous system that was nearly 20 years old.
Major weather-related issues
Three years after the completion of the Dome, the integrity of its roof became an issue. During a Falcons pre-season game in August 1995, a severe rainstorm caused water to pool on the fabric, tearing part of the material and causing a section of the roof to fall into the stadium. The storm was intense enough that the roof panels could be seen moving during the game, and the water and roof material later fell with enough force to smash seats in the upper decks and knock holes in concrete floors. The collapse occurred after fans left the stadium, and no one was injured during the incident. The roof was eventually repaired in a way that prevented similar incidents from occurring in the future.
In the 2008 Atlanta tornado outbreak on March 14, 2008, during the 2008 SEC Men's Basketball Tournament, a tornado ripped two holes in the dome during the Alabama–Mississippi State quarterfinal game, delaying the game for about an hour. The quarterfinal game to follow between the Kentucky Wildcats and Georgia Bulldogs was postponed until the following day. The resulting damage forced the rest of the tournament to be moved to the Alexander Memorial Coliseum, now known as Hank McCamish Pavilion, at Georgia Tech.
It was announced in 2010 that the Georgia World Congress Center Authority, the stadium's operator, is pursuing a new stadium with a retractable roof, just south of the Georgia Dome. Upon completion of Mercedes-Benz Stadium in 2017, the Georgia Dome will be demolished to make way for parking for the new stadium; the GWCCA also plans to build a new 800-room hotel on a portion of the Georgia Dome site. The Falcons' final regular season game in the Georgia Dome is scheduled for January 1, 2017 against the New Orleans Saints, while the stadium's final scheduled publicly ticketed event will be a Supercross event on February 25, 2017. Despite construction delays moving Mercedes-Benz Stadium's opening to June 2017, the GWCCA plans to decommission the Georgia Dome for events by March 1, 2017 in order to have demolition complete before 2018.
The Dome is home to the NFL's Atlanta Falcons, the annual host (since 1998) to FCS Classic football game between Florida A&M Rattlers and another HBCU opponent (Southern Jaguars in 2011 and Tennessee State Tigers in prior years), and the annual host to the Southeastern Conference Football Championship Game and the Chick-fil-A Bowl (also known as the Peach Bowl) post-season college football games. The stadium also hosted Super Bowl XXVIII in 1994 and Super Bowl XXXIV in 2000. From the program's inception in 2010 until 2016, the stadium was home of the NCAA Division I Georgia State Panthers of Georgia State University; the university acquired the Atlanta Braves' former home of Turner Field with plans to renovate the former baseball park for football.
The Georgia Dome also annually hosted the Georgia High School Association football semi-finals until 2007 and now hosts the GHSA state championship games for all classifications at the Dome.
As a result of damage done to the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina, the Sugar Bowl game between the West Virginia Mountaineers and the Georgia Bulldogs was played at the Georgia Dome on January 2, 2006, the first time "the South's Biggest Bowl Game" was ever played outside the state of Louisiana. The Sugar Bowl finished a string of three football games in four days that started with the 2005 Peach Bowl between LSU and Miami (Florida) and an NFL game between the Falcons and the Carolina Panthers two days later. The Georgia Dome is now the alternative site for the Sugar Bowl where the Mercedes-Benz Superdome cannot host due to weather or other reasons.
The Georgia Dome has hosted the NCAA Final Four Men's Basketball National Championship in 2002, 2007 and 2013, along with regional semi-finals and finals in 2001, 2004, 2006 and 2012 and NCAA Women's Final Four in 2003. The SEC Men's Basketball Tournament has been held at the Georgia Dome during 10 seasons, most recently in 2014. The ACC Men's Basketball Tournament has been held at the Georgia Dome on two occasions, in 2001 and 2009.
It was also one of two homes, along with the facility then known as Alexander Memorial Coliseum, for the NBA's Atlanta Hawks during the construction of Philips Arena from 1997 to 1999. While playing at the Georgia Dome on March 27, 1998, the Atlanta Hawks set a then-NBA single-game attendance record with 62,046 fans.
The dome has held a number of international soccer matches. On June 24, 2009, the dome hosted its first ever soccer match between Mexico and Venezuela in front of 51,115 fans, with grass laid over the FieldTurf. On February 9, 2011, Mexico and Bosnia and Herzegovina played a friendly match in front of 50,507 fans. On July 20, 2013, the Dome hosted two quarter-final match-ups of the 2013 Gold Cup—Panama vs. Cuba and Mexico vs. Trinidad & Tobago—in front of 54,229 fans. In March 2014, the Dome hosted a 0-0 draw between Mexico and Nigeria in front of 68,212 fans, the largest ever crowd for a soccer match in Atlanta.
The dome has also hosted a number of exhibition matches between club teams. On July 22, 2009, the Dome hosted a match between A.C. Milan of Italian Serie A league and Club América of Mexican Primera División before 50,306 fans. On July 28, 2010, Club América revisited the Dome in a friendly against Manchester City from the English Premier League in front of 33,000 fans.
The stadium held an international women's friendly between United States and Russia on February 12, 2014.
On April 16, 2014 it was announced by Arthur Blank, owner of the Atlanta Falcons, that he had secured the rights to a new Major League Soccer franchise that is expected to begin play in 2017. The new team, later unveiled as Atlanta United FC, along with the Atlanta Falcons, will become the primary tenants of Mercedes-Benz Stadium, scheduled to open in time for the start of the 2017 NFL season.
During the Monday Night War in the late 1990s both WWE Raw and WCW Nitro were held in the Georgia Dome with the July 6th 1998 episode of Nitro being one of the most watched and attended professional wrestling broadcasts. Over 40,000 attended the show.
In September 2009, it was reported that the city of Atlanta was seeking to host WrestleMania XXVII at the Georgia Dome. A press conference was held on February 1, 2010 at the Georgia Dome to formally announce the event for Atlanta. According to WWE's senior vice president of special events, John Saboor, Atlanta was ultimately chosen for, among other reasons, "their track record of success with large events, rich in its tradition with the WWE, great infrastructure." The event marked the first time WrestleMania has been held in the state of Georgia.
On April 3, 2011, The Georgia Dome hosted WWE's 27th annual flagship event, WrestleMania XXVII, which featured the return of Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson to host WrestleMania in his first appearance at the event since WrestleMania XX seven years prior. The event was attended by a record 71,617 fans.
In 2008, the Georgia Dome started showing safety videos before games, presented by Deltalina, flight attendant "mascot" of Delta Air Lines. The videos satirise Delta's massively popular "Deltalina" inflight safety videos. The videos' theme was "Delta Safety First".
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- USA Today, Mexico, Nigeria soccer teams play to 0-0 tie in Atlanta, March 6, 2014, http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/soccer/world/2014/03/06/mexico-nigeria-soccer-friendly-atlanta-world-cup/6107317/
- Daniel Marquez heads winner for Club America Soccer Net
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- "DELTALINA WAGS HER FINGER AT THE DOME", "Peach Buzz", Access Atlanta (Atlanta Journal-Constitution), September 24, 2008
- "Delta, Official Airline of the Atlanta Falcons", Delta Air Lines, September 26, 2008
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Georgia Dome.|
- The Georgia Dome's Official Website
- Georgia Dome at StadiumDB.com
- Georgia Dome at Structurae
- Georgia Dome Seating Charts