Liberia in World War II
Liberia did not become militarily involved in World War II until January, 1944, with the election of William Tubman, at which time the country declared war on Germany and Japan. However, even before the start of Liberia's official military involvement, the nation participated in the war for two years under the terms of a Defense Agreement with the United States. Apart from Ceylon (present day Sri Lanka) and the Belgian Congo, Liberia possessed one of the few remaining sources of rubber for the Allies. To guarantee a steady supply of rubber from the world's largest rubber plantation, operated at Harbel by the Firestone Company since 1926, the US government built roads throughout the country, created an international airport (known as Robertsfield), and transformed the capital, Monrovia, by building a deep water port (the Freeport of Monrovia).
- Sherman, Frank. Liberia: The Land, Its People, History and Culture. Intercontinental Books, 2010.