Manouria emys
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Family: Testudinidae
Genus: Manouria
Gray, 1854

Manouria is a genus of tortoises in the family Testudinidae.


The following three species are recognized as being valid, two of which are extant,[1] and one of which is extinct:

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Manouria.


  1. "Manouria ". The Reptile Database.
  2. Karl, Hans-Volker; Staesche, Ulrich (2014). "Fossile Riesen-Landschildkröten von den Philippinen und ihre paläogeographische Bedeutung [= Fossil Giant Land Tortoises from the Philippines and their paleogeographic importance]". Geologischesahrbuch A 160: 171-197. (Manouria sondaari, new species). (in German with abstract in English).
  3. Staesche, Ulrich (coordinator) (2007). Fossile Schildkröten aus vier Ländern in drei Kontinenten: Deutschland, Türkei, Niger, Philippen [= Fossil Turtles from Four Countries on Three Continents: Germany, Turkey, Niger, and the Philippines]. Geologisches Jahrbuch, Reihe B, Heft 98 [= Series B, Issue 98]. 197 pp. ISBN 978-3-510-95967-9. (in German).

Further reading

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