Eddery at Mahalaxmi Racecourse in 2000
18 March 1952|
10 November 2015 63) (aged|
Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England
|Major racing wins|
British Classic Race wins as jockey:|
2000 Guineas (3)
1000 Guineas (1)
Epsom Derby (3)
Epsom Oaks (3)
St Leger Stakes (4)
|British flat racing Champion Jockey 11 times (1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1996)|
Pat Eddery Stakes at Ascot Racecourse
|Polygamy, Grundy, Scintillate, Detroit, Storm Bird, Kings Lake, Golden Fleece, Assert, Lomond, El Gran Senor, Rainbow Quest, Dancing Brave, Moon Madness, Warning, Zafonic, Quest for Fame, Toulon, Moonax, Bosra Sham, Lady Carla, Silver Patriarch|
Patrick James John "Pat" Eddery (18 March 1952 – 10 November 2015) was an Irish flat racing jockey and horse trainer. He rode three winners of the Epsom Derby, and was Champion Jockey on eleven occasions. He is co-holder of the record for most title championships as well as wins in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. He rode the winners of 4,632 British flat races, a figure exceeded only by Sir Gordon Richards.
Eddery was born in south Dublin, at the outskirts of The Curragh racecourse and a native of Newbridge, County Kildare, and his birth was registered in Dublin. He was the fifth child of Jimmy Eddery, a jockey who rode Panaslipper to win the Irish Derby in 1955, and Josephine (the daughter of jockey Jack Moylan). His brother, Paul, also went on to become a jockey. He attended Oatlands Primary School in Stillorgan.
Eddery began his career as an apprentice jockey in Ireland with the stable of Seamus McGrath. In 1967 he moved to England where he was apprenticed to Frenchie Nicholson and recorded his first success on Alvaro at Epsom Downs Racecourse on 24 April 1969 after riding more than one whole season without a single winner. The same horse was to give Eddery 6 wins in succession during the 1969 season. While still riding as an apprentice he won the Wokingham Handicap and the Timeform Gold Cup in 1969, the Northumberland Plate in 1970 and the Goodwood Stakes in 1971, a year in which he won the title of Champion Apprentice Jockey. Before formally out of apprenticeship, Eddery won the Ascot Gold Cup in 1972 after the disqualification of Roc Roi. Nick-named Polyfilla in his early career, Pat was described as a seal in water on horseback in for a long swim.
Throughout his riding career he clenched 11 championship titles, two batches coming in four consecutive seasons (1974-1977; 1988-1991). But for his joining the Vincent O'Brien stable in autumn 1980 that took him out of all main Saturday meetings in England, he would certainly have recorded more champion titles, though he did became the Irish Champion in 1982. His last champion title in 1996 was his determination to regain what he had lost when the English racing season switched over in the early 1990's to multi-purpose track racing starting in November, a time when Eddery was customarily riding for other overseas retainers since the early 1970's.
Eddery's first championship title in 1974 saw the youngest English flat racing champion emerging after World War II, a record not since broken by subsequent champions. He was also first voted the Jockey of the Year in 1974 by the Horserace Writers' Association. He finished his retainer with Peter Walwyn in 1980 after two seasons of aquine virus acutely affecting the Walwyn stables. He then joined forces with the greatest racing conglomerate of that time - the Ballydoyle stables under Irish compatriot Vincent O'Brien. When in the mid-1980s the Arab owners began to dominate the British racing scene, Eddery was retained globally by the owner of Juddmonte stables, Arab prince Khalid Abdullah, a position he held until 1994, after which he rode as freelance jockey until his retirement from the saddle at the end of 2003.
Eddery's riding style was not elegant by normal standards, owing to his habit of bouncing up and down in the saddle as he urged his mounts on at the final finishes, but was undeniably effective. Frenchie Nicholson said that he regretted the fact that his protegee abandoned the "quiet, refined" style he had been taught but admitted that the young jockey stood out as being "in total harmony" with the horses he rode.
Eddery rode for the Newmarket trainer Geoffrey Barling in 1972 before taking over as the stable jockey for Peter Walwyn later that year. For Walwyn he won his first two classic races on Polygamy and Grundy and was Champion Jockey in four consecutive seasons from 1974 to 1977. While under retainer with Walwyn, he clenched his first title at the record young age of 22. In 1975 he rode Grundy to defeat Bustino for the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Diamond Stakes at Ascot Racecourse in what became known as Britain's "Race of the Century". Well known for riding champion horses like Sadler's Wells, Danehill (the grand sires on the sire and dam side of Frankel), etc., Eddery was also famed for riding for big owners as well as champion trainers. Apart from the later illustrious associations with Robert Sangster, Arab giant owners Prince Khalid bin Abdullah, Wafic Said and Maktoum al-Maktoum, he rode to winners in the then Colony of Hong Kong on the first ever race horse to be owned by tycoon Li Ka Shing, called 'Golden Victory' and trained by English trainer John Brown to whom Eddery rode for many seasons in winter in Hong Kong since November 10, 1973.
In the following decade, Eddery became associated with the Irish Ballydoyle stable of Vincent O'Brien and gained further classic success on Kings Lake, Lomond, Golden Fleece, Assert and El Gran Senor. In 1986, on the choice of the horse owner, he took over from Greville Starkey as the rider of Dancing Brave. He partnered Dancing Brave to victory in the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and became the worldwide retained jockey of the colt's owner, Khalid Abdullah. While the press played up in the course of years the controversy between Starkey and Eddery, Eddery had been most reticent and underplayed the apparent falling out. Major winners in the Abdullah colours included Zafonic, Quest for Fame Warning and Toulon. He was Champion Jockey a further seven times in eleven years between 1986 and 1996. His epic battle for championship in 1987 with American Steve Cauthen was particularly intense, with Cauthen winning the title with 197 and Eddery coming close at 195, and but for an objection from the third horse after the last definitive race in which Eddery won against Cauthen making the Championship a tie, the title would have been a shared one. In the year 1988, Eddery completed 183 winners from 480 odd rides – which was a great strike rate, and regained the title.
Eddery also rode several major winners outside Europe including Jupiter Island in the 1986 Japan Cup and Pebbles in the 1985 Breeders' Cup Turf In North America he also won the Arlington Million on Tolomeo, the Canadian International Stakes on French Glory and the Breeders' Cup Sprint on Sheikh Albadou. An active racing ambassador overseas since his early years, Eddery joined forces with Lester Piggott, Joe Mercer and French champion Freddie Head and Ives Saint-Martin in a group of riders to take part in a series of challenge races under the 'Ritz Club Challenge Trophy' at Singapore and other Asian cities starting in 1983 for several years. Eddery's overseas winners, tallying with his British winners, exceeded well over 6,000.
In 1990 he was the winner of the inaugural Lester Award for Flat Jockey of the Year, which he again won in 1991 and 1996, sharing on the latter occasion with Frankie Dettori. He also received two Flat Jockey Special Recognition awards in 2002 and 2003. He retired from the saddle at the end of the 2003 flat season and stated that he had no intention of becoming a trainer.
For the most part of his ultra-successful riding career, and spanning a quarter of a century, Pat Eddery's booking agent was his brother-in-law Terry Ellis, from the time Eddery was under retainer with Peter Walwyn until 1999 when he was riding as freelance. They parted ways after Eddery underwent a slip-disc operation in 1999, with Ellis helping out the other riding members of the Eddery family.
Eddery summed up his attitude to the sport by saying, "That's all part of the game, going to the Folkestones and the smaller tracks, because it's not Royal Ascot every day. You've got to be out there every day working those muscles, riding in every race if you want to be at your best. There may be more money for a Derby than a seller but that doesn't make you try any harder. A winner is a winner." In his autobiography, he admitted that his primary and sole motive as jockey is to ride winners, and any one saying that he does not wish to win is either a liar or a fool
Publications and biography
- Pat on the Back, written by Claude Duval, published in 1976 by Stanley Paul, London
- To be a Champion, autobiography by Pat Eddery and Alan Lee, published in 1992 by Coronet Books
Despite his earlier statements and on the suggestion of wife Carolyn, in July 2005, Eddery was granted a training licence and set up a stable of 40 horses at Musk Hill Stud in Nether Winchendon, near Aylesbury. His brother, Paul Eddery, was Assistant Trainer and his Racing Manager was Simon Double who also co-founded Pat Eddery Racing, the racehorse syndication company which provided the opportunity for people to own shares in racehorses.
Eddery's first runner as a trainer was Perez, who finished second in an all-weather maiden race at Wolverhampton in December 2005. His first training success was with the horse Visionist in a handicap race at Kempton Park in April 2006. His first winner on turf was the two-year-old filly Cavort in a maiden 6 furlong race at Goodwood. His trainer career culminated with Hearts Of Fire winning Italy's Group 1 Gran Criterium in 2009. He sent out his final runner in the week before his death.
In 2005 he was awarded an honorary OBE, which he described as "a great honour".
One of the twelve living children of Jimmy Eddery and Josephine Moylan, the other four of the five male siblings of Pat Eddery are horse-riders in one way or the other: Michael, Robert, Paul and David. Pat Eddery married in November 1978 Carolyn, the daughter of flat jockey Manny Mercer, niece of jockey Joe Mercer, and granddaughter of jockey Harry Wragg. They had two daughters, Nichola and Natasha, and a son Harry. Eddery has another son, Toby Atkinson, who also became a jockey. The marriage broken down in 2008 and the couple was formally divorced in 2009.
Eddery died on 10 November 2015, aged 63 at Stoke Mandeville Hospital due to a heart attack, but suffered a long battle with alcoholism. his funeral was held on 8 December 2015 and he was cremated at Oxford after the funeral, with his ashes to be scattered on his family compound according to his last wishes.
Major wins as a jockey
|Bosra Sham||Matiya||Bint Shadayid|
|El Gran Senor||Chief Singer||Lear Fan|
|Golden Fleece||Touching Wood||Silver Hawk|
|Quest For Fame||Blue Stag||Elmaamul|
|Scintillate||Bonnie Isle||Britannia's Rule|
|Moon Madness||Celestial Storm||Untold|
|Moonax||Broadway Flyer||Double Trigger|
|Silver Patriarch||Vertical Speed||The Fly|
- 1,000 Guineas – (1) – Bosra Sham (1996)
- 2,000 Guineas – (3) – Lomond (1983), El Gran Senor (1984), Zafonic (1993)
- Ascot Gold Cup – (2) – Erimo Hawk (1972), Celeric (1997)
- Champion Stakes – (3) – Vitiges (1976), Pebbles (1985), Bosra Sham (1996)
- Cheveley Park Stakes – (5) – Pasty (1975), Woodstream (1981), Prophecy (1993), Gay Gallanta (1994), Wannabe Grand (1998)
- Coronation Cup – (6) – Crow (1978), Rainbow Quest (1985), Saint Estephe (1986), Saddler's Hall (1992), Sunshack (1995), Silver Patriarch (1998)
- Coronation Stakes – (2) – Orchestration (1977), Magic of Life (1988)
- Derby – (3) – Grundy (1975), Golden Fleece (1982), Quest for Fame (1990)
- Dewhurst Stakes – (6) – Lunchtime (1972), Grundy (1974), Storm Bird (1980), El Gran Senor (1983), Zafonic (1992), Grand Lodge (1993)
- Eclipse Stakes – (3) – Coup de Feu (1974), Solford (1983), Sadler's Wells (1984)
- Falmouth Stakes – (3) – Star Pastures (1981), Magic Gleam (1989), Ryafan (1997)
- Fillies' Mile – (2) – Tessla (1988), Bosra Sham (1995)
- Golden Jubilee Stakes – (1) – Great Commotion (then called The Cork and Orrery Stakes 1990)
- Haydock Sprint Cup – (3) – Record Token (1976), Dowsing (1988), Danehill (1989)
- International Stakes – (4) – Beldale Flutter (1981), Assert (1982), Caerleon (1983), One So Wonderful (1998)
- July Cup – (2) – Sharpo (1982), Lake Coniston (1995)
- King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes – (2) – Grundy (1975), Dancing Brave (1986)
- King's Stand Stakes – (1) – African Song (1980)
- Middle Park Stakes – (5) – Habat (1973), Formidable (1977), Bassenthwaite (1984), Primo Valentino (1999), Balmont (2003)
- Nassau Stakes – (3) – Dancing Rocks (1982), Free Guest (1985), Ela Romara (1988)
- Nunthorpe Stakes – (4) – Sharpo (1980, 1981), Cadeaux Genereux (1989), Sheikh Albadou (1991)
- Oaks – (3) – Polygamy (1974), Scintillate (1979), Lady Carla (1996)
- Prince of Wales's Stakes – (5) – Record Run (1975), English Spring (1986), Two Timing (1989), Batshoof (1990), Placerville (1993)
- Queen Anne Stakes – (3) – Valiyar (1983), Pennine Walk (1986), Warning (1989)
- Queen Elizabeth II Stakes – (3) – Milligram (1987), Warning (1988), Bigstone (1993)
- Racing Post Trophy – (5) – Sporting Yankee (1976), Dactylographer (1977), Beldale Flutter (1980), Reference Point (1986), Armiger (1992)
- St. James's Palace Stakes – (3) – Radetzky (1976), Posse (1980), Persian Heights (1988)
- St. Leger – (4) – Moon Madness (1986), Toulon (1991), Moonax (1994), Silver Patriarch (1997)
- Sun Chariot Stakes – (2) – Sweet Farewell (1974), Free Guest (1985)
- Sussex Stakes – (6) – Posse (1980), Kings Lake (1981), Warning (1988), Marling (1992), Distant View (1994), Reel Buddy (2003)
- Yorkshire Oaks – (3) – May Hill (1975), Busaca (1977), Ramruma (1999)
- Canadian International Stakes – (1) – French Glory (1990)
- Critérium de Saint-Cloud – (1) – Miserden (1988)
- Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud – (2) – Glint of Gold (1982), Moon Madness (1987)
- Poule d'Essai des Pouliches – (2) – Ukraine Girl (1981), Houseproud (1990)
- Prix de l'Abbaye de Longchamp – (2) – Sharpo (1982), Double Schwartz (1986)
- Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe – (4) – Detroit (1980), Rainbow Quest (1985), Dancing Brave (1986), Trempolino (1987)
- Prix de Diane – (1) – Jolypha (1992)
- Prix de la Forêt – (3) – Brocade (1985), Wolfhound (1992), Indian Lodge (2000)
- Prix Ganay – (1) – Golden Snake (2001)
- Prix d'Ispahan – (1) – Sanglamore (1991)
- Prix Jacques Le Marois – (2) – The Wonder (1982), Lear Fan (1984)
- Prix Jean-Luc Lagardère – (1) – Tenby (1992)
- Prix Jean Prat – (1) – Olden Times (2001)
- Prix du Jockey Club – (3) – Caerleon (1983), Hours After (1988), Sanglamore (1990)
- Prix Lupin – (1) – No Lute (1981)
- Prix Maurice de Gheest – (3) – Beaudelaire (1983), Lead on Time (1986), Interval (1987)
- Prix Morny – (1) – Zafonic (1992)
- Prix du Moulin de Longchamp – (2) – Distant Relative (1990), All at Sea (1992)
- Prix de l'Opéra – (1) – Andromaque (1994)
- Prix Rothschild – (1) – Nashmeel (1987)
- Prix Royal-Oak – (3) – Old Country (1983), Raintrap (1993), Moonax (1994)
- Prix de la Salamandre – (1) – Zafonic (1992)
- Prix Vermeille – (2) – Bint Pasha (1987), Jolypha (1992)
- Bayerisches Zuchtrennen – (1) – Kaieteur (2002)
- Grosser Preis von Baden – (1) – Glint of Gold (1982)
Former Crown Colony of Hong Kong
- Jockeys' Invitation Race - Destiny (1974)
- Hong Kong Derby - (2) - Breathing Exercise (1975), Grand Duke (1977)
- Queen's Silver Jubilee Challenge Cup - Caerdeon Line (1977)
- St. Andrew's Plate - Seven Stars (1979)
- Hong Kong Gold Cup - Observatory (1979)
- Irish 2,000 Guineas – (3) – Grundy (1975), Kings Lake (1981), Tirol (1990)
- Irish Champion Stakes – (2) – Kings Lake (1981), Sadler's Wells (1984)
- Irish Derby – (4) – Grundy (1975), El Gran Senor (1984), Law Society (1985), Commander in Chief (1993)
- Irish Oaks – (3) – Colorspin (1986), Wemyss Bight (1993), Bolas (1994)
- Irish St. Leger – (1) – Leading Counsel (1985)
- Matron Stakes – (1) – Mighty Fly (1983)
- Moyglare Stud Stakes – (1) – Woodstream (1981)
- National Stakes – (3) – El Gran Senor (1983), Law Society (1984), Danehill Dancer (1995)
- Phoenix Stakes – (3) – Achieved (1981), Digamist (1987), Danehill Dancer (1995)
- Tattersalls Gold Cup – (1) – Batshoof (1990)
- Derby Italiano – (1) – Old Country (1982)
- Gran Premio del Jockey Club – (2) – Silver Patriarch (1998), Golden Snake (2000)
- Gran Premio di Milano – (1) – Tony Bin (1988)
- Premio Presidente della Repubblica – (1) – Tony Bin (1988)
- Premio Roma – (2) – Knifebox (1993), Taipan (1998)
- Arlington Million – (1) – Tolomeo (1983)
- Breeders' Cup Sprint – (1) – Sheikh Albadou (1991)
- Breeders' Cup Turf – (1) – Pebbles (1985)
Major wins as a trainer
- Gran Criterium – (1) – Hearts of Fire (2009)
- Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1990). Horse Racing: Records, Facts, Champions (Third Edition). Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-902-1.
- "Jockey Duffield retires aged 58". BBC Sport. BBC. 11 March 2005. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- Pat on the Back, biography by Claude Duval
- Sean Magee. "Pat Eddery obituary". the Guardian.
- "Ireland Civil Registration Indexes, 1845-1958". FamilySearch. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane's. ISBN 0-354-08536-0.
- Pat on the Back, Claude Duval
- Chris Cook. "A great jockey with an individual style". The Guardian.
- Timeform staff (1976). Racehorses of 1975. Timeform.
- Chris Cook (24 July 2015). "Grundy versus Bustino: the Race of the Century 40 years on". The Guardian.
- Timeform staff (1987). Racehorses of 1986. Timeform. ISBN 0-900599-44-8.
- To be a Champion, by Pat Eddery
- Timeform staff (1986). Racehorses of 1985. Timeform. ISBN 0-900599-42-1.
- "Pat Eddery, jockey - obituary". Daily Telegraph. 10 November 2015.
- "To be Champion", 1992 Coronet Books
- "Legendary jockey Pat Eddery dies aged 63". Racing UK. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- Cook, Chris. "Pat Eddery, 11 times champion jockey, dies aged 63". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- "Eddery to be honoured with OBE". BBC Sport. 25 February 2005.
- "Flying Colours". archive.org. 2006. Archived from the original on 19 March 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2007.
- "EXCLUSIVE: The secret of Eddery's son - How Toby the apprentice is getting a leg up from famous dad". dailymail.co.uk. 20 March 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
- "Pat Eddery: Shy legend of track who lost his way". independent.co.uk. Independent. 30 November 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
- "Pat Eddery was battling alcoholism when he died says daughter Natasha". express.co.uk. Express. 12 November 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
- "Pat Eddery's daughter reveals flat jockey's alcoholism troubles in heartfelt tribute: 'I knew we would lose him to his demon drink'". dailymail.co.uk. Daily Mail. 11 November 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
- "Petrzalka on track ten top horses". SME Bratislava. 19 July 2002. Retrieved 11 November 2015.