Spikethumb frog

Spikethumb frogs
Plectrohyla dasypus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Subfamily: Hylinae
Genus: Plectrohyla
Brocchi, 1877

42, See text.

Spikethumb frogs are a genus (Plectrohyla) of frogs in the Hylidae family found in Central America from southern Mexico through Guatemala and northern El Salvador to central and northern Honduras. A major revision of the Hylidae family moved an additional 21 species to this genus from the Hyla genus.[1] They are called spikethumb because of the spike on their thumbs, which is called a prepollex. The genus name comes from the Greek word plēktron ("spur")[2] and hyla (the genus in which it was formerly placed).


This genus has 42 recognized species:

Binomial name and author Common name
Plectrohyla acanthodes Duellman and Campbell, 1992 thorny spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla ameibothalame (Canseco-Márquez, Mendelson &
Gutiérrez-Mayén, 2002)
Plectrohyla arborescandens (Taylor, 1939) lesser bromeliad tree frog
Plectrohyla avia Stuart, 1952 greater spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla bistincta (Cope, 1877) Mexican fringe-limbed tree frog
Plectrohyla calthula (Ustach, Mendelson, McDiarmid & Campbell, 2000)
Plectrohyla calvicollina (Toal, 1994)
Plectrohyla celata (Toal and Mendelson, 1995)
Plectrohyla cembra (Caldwell, 1974) southern Sierra Madre tree frog
Plectrohyla charadricola (Duellman, 1964) Puebla tree frog
Plectrohyla chryses (Adler, 1965) golden tree frog
Plectrohyla chrysopleura Wilson, McCranie & Cruz-Díaz, 1994
Plectrohyla crassa (Brocchi, 1877) aquatic tree frog
Plectrohyla cyanomma (Caldwell, 1974) blue-eyed aquatic tree frog
Plectrohyla cyclada (Campbell & Duellman, 2000)
Plectrohyla dasypus McCranie & Wilson, 1981 Honduras spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla ephemera (Meik, Canseco-Márquez, Smith & Campbell, 2005)
Plectrohyla exquisita McCranie & Wilson, 1998
Plectrohyla glandulosa (Boulenger, 1883) forest spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla guatemalensis Brocchi, 1877 Guatemala spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla hartwegi Duellman, 1968 Hartweg's spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla hazelae (Taylor, 1940) Hazel's tree frog
Plectrohyla ixil Stuart, 1942 Ixil spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla labedactyla (Mendelson & Toal, 1996)
Plectrohyla lacertosa Bumzahem & Smith, 1954 pop-eyed spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla matudai Hartweg, 1941 Matuda's spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla miahuatlanensis Meik, Smith, Canseco-Márquez &
Campbell, 2006
Plectrohyla mykter (Adler & Dennis, 1972) keelsnout tree frog
Plectrohyla pachyderma (Taylor, 1942) semiaquatic tree frog
Plectrohyla pentheter (Adler, 1965) Mourning tree frog
Plectrohyla pokomchi Duellman & Campbell, 1984 Rio Sananja spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla psarosema (Campbell & Duellman, 2000)
Plectrohyla psiloderma McCranie & Wilson, 1999
Plectrohyla pycnochila Rabb, 1959 Tthick-lipped spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla quecchi Stuart, 1942 Las Palmas spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla robertsorum (Taylor, 1940) Roberts' tree frog
Plectrohyla sabrina (Caldwell, 1974) Sierra Juarez tree frog
Plectrohyla sagorum Hartweg, 1941 arcane spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla siopela (Duellman, 1968) Voiceless tree frog
Plectrohyla tecunumani Duellman & Campbell, 1984 cave spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla teuchestes Duellman & Campbell, 1992 Alta Verapaz spikethumb frog
Plectrohyla thorectes (Adler, 1965) Adler's mottled tree frog


  1. Faivovich, J.; Haddad, C.F.B.; Garcia, P.C.A.; Frost, D.R.; Campbell, J.A.; Wheeler, W.C., 2005: Systematic Review of the Frog Family Hylidae, with Special Reference to Hylinae: Phylogenetic Analysis and Taxonomic Revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Num. 294, pp.1-240.
  2. Borror, Donald J. (1988). Dictionary of word roots and combining forms : compiled from the Greek, Latin, and other languages, with special reference to biological terms and scientific names (11. print. ed.). Mountain View, Calif.: Mayfield Pub. Co. ISBN 0874840538.

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