A ranked society in anthropology is one that ranks individuals in terms of their genealogical distance from the chief. Closer relatives of the chief have higher rank or social status than more distant ones. When individuals and groups rank about equally, competition for positions of leadership may occur. In some cases rank is assigned to entire villages rather than individuals or families. The idea of a ranked society was criticized by Max Weber and Karl Marx.
- Kottak, Conrad (2012). Window on Humanity: A Concise Introduction to Anthropology (Fifth ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-803489-3.