West South Central States

The West South Central States form one of the nine Census Bureau Divisions of the United States that are officially designated by the United States Census Bureau.

A map of the United States Census Bureau Region 3, Division 7, "West South Central", consisting of the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

Four states compose the division: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and the state that dominates the region, Texas, which contains around 80% of the population of the entire region, and is larger in area than the three others combined. The division is one of the three that together make up the broader Census Bureau Region known as the South (the other two being the South Atlantic States and the East South Central States).[1]

The unofficial term South Central States refers to approximately the same area.


As of 2013, the West South Central States had a combined population of 37,849,785. The West South Central region covers 443,501 square miles.

States in the West South Central Region
State 2013 Census Land Area
Arkansas 2,949,131 53,179
Louisiana 4,601,893 51,843
Oklahoma 3,850,568 69,898
Texas 26,448,193 268,581
Top Ten Largest Cities by Population in the West South Central Region
City 2013 Pop.
1 Houston, Texas 2,195,914
2 San Antonio, Texas 1,409,019
3 Dallas, Texas 1,257,676
4 Austin, Texas 885,400
5 Fort Worth, Texas 792,727
6 El Paso, Texas 674,433
7 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 610,613
8 Tulsa, Oklahoma 398,121
9 Arlington, Texas 379,577
10 New Orleans, Louisiana 378,715

Politics in the West South Central States

Democratic-Republican Democratic Whig Republican Dixiecrat American Independent
Presidential electoral votes in the West South Central States since 1812
Year Arkansas Louisiana Oklahoma Texas
1812 No election Madison No election No election
1816 No election Monroe No election No election
1820 No election Monroe No election No election
1824 No election Jackson No election No election
1828 No election Jackson No election No election
1832 No election Jackson No election No election
1836 Van Buren Van Buren No election No election
1840 Van Buren Harrison No election No election
1844 Polk Polk No election No election
1848 Cass Taylor No election Cass
1852 Pierce Pierce No election Pierce
1856 Buchanan Buchanan No election Buchanan
1860 Breckinridge Breckinridge No election Breckinridge
1864 No election Lincoln No election No election
1868 Grant Seymour No election No election
1872 Grant Grant No election Hendricks
1876 Tilden Hayes No election Tilden
1880 Hancock Hancock No election Hancock
1884 Cleveland Cleveland No election Cleveland
1888 Cleveland Cleveland No election Cleveland
1892 Cleveland Cleveland No election Cleveland
1896 Bryan Bryan No election Bryan
1900 Bryan Bryan No election Bryan
1904 Parker Parker No election Parker
1908 Bryan Bryan Bryan Bryan
1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson
1916 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson
1920 Cox Cox Harding Cox
1924 Davis Davis Davis Davis
1928 Smith Smith Hoover Hoover
1932 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt
1936 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt
1940 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt
1944 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt
1948 Truman Thurmond Truman Truman
1952 Stevenson Stevenson Eisenhower Eisenhower
1956 Stevenson Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower
1960 Kennedy Kennedy Kennedy Kennedy
1964 Johnson Goldwater Johnson Johnson
1968 Wallace Wallace Nixon Humphrey
1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon
1976 Carter Carter Ford Carter
1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan
1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan
1988 Bush Bush Bush Bush
1992 Clinton Clinton Bush Bush
1996 Clinton Clinton Dole Dole
2000 Bush Bush Bush Bush
2004 Bush Bush Bush Bush
2008 McCain McCain McCain McCain
2012 Romney Romney Romney Romney
2016 Trump Trump Trump Trump
Year Arkansas Louisiana Oklahoma Texas


Within the Major North American professional sports leagues, the first team in the region were founded in 1960: the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League and the Houston Oilers of the American Football League. The Oilers relocated after 1996, whereas two more teams in the region joined the NFL: the Houston Texans (2002) and New Orleans Saints (1967).

Two Major League Baseball teams are based in the region: Houston Astros (1962) and Texas Rangers (1972). The region has five NBA teams: San Antonio Spurs (1967), Houston Rockets (1971), Dallas Mavericks (1980), New Orleans Pelicans (2002) and Oklahoma City Thunder (2008).

National Hockey League features the Dallas Stars since 1993. Texas also has two Major League Soccer teams: FC Dallas (1996) and Houston Dynamo (2006), whereas the Dallas Tornado played the North American Soccer League from 1968 to 1981.

Collegiate athletics have deep significance in the region's culture, especially football. The Southwest Conference was based in the region from 1914 to 1996. Currently the Big 12 Conference has four teams from Texas and two from Oklahoma, whereas the Southeastern Conference has one team from Texas, one from Arkansas and one from Louisiana.

According to a survey of Division I-A coaches, the Red River Shootout, the rivalry between the Oklahoma Sooners and Texas Longhorns, ranks the third best in the nation.[2] The Bedlam Series is the rivalry between the Oklahoma Sooners and Oklahoma State Cowboys. The TCU Horned Frogs and SMU Mustangs also share a rivalry and compete annually in the Battle for the Iron Skillet.


  1. Archived copy at the Library of Congress (January 7, 2013).
  2. Davis, Brian (October 7, 2005). "UT-OU : Best Rivalry?". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved July 11, 2006.

Coordinates: 33°N 94°W / 33°N 94°W / 33; -94

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